 • P
Pre-Kindergarten Standards
Top Mathematicians
• Operations and Algebraic Thinking
• P.OA.A.1
Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations.
• P.OA.A.3
Decompose numbers less than or equal to 10 into pairs in more than one way, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record each decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g., 5 = 2 + 3 and 5 = 4 + 1).
• P.OA.A.5
Fluently add and subtract within 5.
• Measurement and Data
• P.MD.A.1
Describe measurable attributes of objects, such as length or weight. Describe several measurable attributes of a single object.
• P.MD.B.3
Classify objects into given categories; count the numbers of objects in each category and sort the categories by count. Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.
• Counting and Cardinality
• P.CC.A.1
Count to 100 by ones and by tens.
• P.CC.A.2
Count forward beginning from a given number within the known sequence (instead of having to begin at 1).
• P.CC.A.3
Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 0-20 (with 0 representing a count of no objects).
• P.CC.B.6
Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies.
• P.CC.B.7
Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals.
• Geometry
• P.G.A.1
Describe objects in the environment using names of shapes, and describe the relative positions of these objects using terms such as above, below, beside, in front of, behind, and next to.
• P.G.A.2
Correctly name shapes regardless of their orientations or overall size. Analyze and compare two- and three-dimensional shapes, in different sizes and orientations, using informal language to describe their similarities, differences, parts (e.g., number of sides and vertices/'corners') and other attributes (e.g., having sides of equal length).
• P.G.A.4
Analyze and compare two- and three-dimensional shapes, in different sizes and orientations, using informal language to describe their similarities, differences, parts (e.g., number of sides and vertices/'corners') and other attributes (e.g., having sides of equal length).